This Day In History
1778 - The United States signed its first treaty with a Native American tribe, the Delaware Nation.
1787 - The Constitution of the United States of America was signed by delegates at the Constitutional Convention.
1796 - U.S. President George Washington's Farewell Address was read before the U.S. Congress.
1862 - The Battle of Antietam took place during the American Civil War. More than 23,000 men were killed, wounded, or missing. The Rebel advance was ended with heavy losses to both armies.
1872 - Phillip W. Pratt patented a version of the sprinkler system.
1908 - An airplane crashed during a demonstration in Arlington Heights, VA. Thomas Selfridge was killed, becoming the first person to be killed in an airplane accident. Orville Wright, the pilot, survived with multiple hip and leg fractures.
1911 - The first transcontinental airplane flight started. It took C.P. Rogers 82 hours to fly from New York City to Pasadena, CA.
1920 - The American Professional Football Association was formed in Canton, OH. It was the precursor to the National Football League (NFL).
1930 - Construction on Boulder Dam, later renamed Hoover Dam, began in Black Canyon, near Las Vegas, NV.
1932 - Sir Malcolm Campbell set a speed record when he reached 276.27 mph over a half mile.
1937 - At Mount Rushmore, Abraham Lincoln's face was dedicated.
1939 - The Soviet Union invaded Poland. Germany had invaded Poland on September 1.
1944 - Operation "Market Garden" was launched by Allied paratroopers during World War II. The landing point was behind German lines in the Netherlands.
1947 - The first U.S. Secretary of Defense, James V. Forrestal, was sworn in to office.
1948 - Count Folk Bernadette, the United Nations mediator for Palestine, was assassinated in Jerusalem by Jewish extremists.
1949 - The Canadian passenger steamer Noronic was gutted by fire at a Toronto pier. 130 people were killed.
1953 - Ernie Banks became the first black baseball player to wear a Chicago Cubs uniform. He retired in 1971 known as 'Mr. Cub'.
1953 - The Ochsner Foundation Hospital in New Orleans, LA, successfully separated Siamese twins. Carolyn Anne and Catherine Anne Mouton were connected at the waist when born.
1955 - "The Perry Como Show" moved to Saturday nights on NBC-TV.
1961 - The Minnesota Vikings were debuted as the new National Football League (NFL) team.
1962 - U.S. space officials announced the selection of Neil A. Armstrong and eight others as new astronauts.
1963 - "The Fugitive" premiered on ABC-TV. The show starred David Janssen.
1964 - "Bewitched" premiered on ABC-TV.
1965 - "Hogan's Heroes" debuted on CBS-TV.
1966 - "Mission Impossible" premiered on CBS-TV.
1972 - "M*A*S*H" premiered on CBS-TV.
1976 - NASA unveiled the space shuttle Enterprise in Palmdale, CA.
1980 - Anastasio Somoza, former Nicaraguan president, was assassinated in Paraguay.
1983 - Vanessa Williams, as Miss New York, became the first black woman to be crowned Miss America.
1983 - Johnny Bench, of the Cincinnati Reds, retired after 16 years as a catcher.
1983 - Carl Yastrzemski of the Boston Red Sox broke Hank Aaron's major league record for games played when he started his 3,299th game. (MLB)
1984 - 9,706 immigrants became naturalized citizens when they were sworn in by U.S. Vice-President George Bush in Miami, FL. It was the largest group to become U.S. citizens.
1984 - Gordon P. Getty was named the richest person in the U.S. His fortune was $4.1 billion.
1984 - Reggie Jackson hit his 500th career home run. It was exactly 17 years from the day he hit his first major league home run.
1986 - A bomb exploded outside of a department store in Paris killing 7 and injuring 51.
1988 - Lt. Gen. Prosper Avril declared himself president of Haiti after President Henri Hamphy was ousted.
1991 - The United Nations General Assembly opened its 46th session. The new members were Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, North and South Korea, Micronesia and the Marshall Islands.
1992 - Lawrence Walsh called a halt to his probe of the Iran-Contra scandal. The investigation had lasted 5 1/2 years.
1995 - Hong Kong held its last legislative election before being taken over by China in 1997.
1997 - Northern Ireland's main Protestant party joined in peace talks. It was the first time that all of the major players had come together.
1998 - The United States government offered a reward for the capture of Haroun Fazil for his role in the U.S. bombing in Kenya on August 7, 1998.
1998 - The U.S. announced a plan that would compensate victims in the Kenya and Tanzania U.S. Embassy bombings on August 7, 1998.
1998 - A United Nations convoy was ambushed in Angola. There were no serious injuries from the fire fight that occurred.
2004 - The USS Curts intercepted the fishing vessel Lina Maria about 300 miles southwest of the Galapagos Islands. The fishing boat had 30,000 pounds of cocaine on board. At the time it was the largest cocaine seizure in U.S. Coast Guard history.
Melodee Aaron, Erotica Romance Author
Melodee's Books at BookStrand