This Day In History
1755 - John Marshall was born. He was the fourth Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court. His court was credited with defining the principles of government and the role of the Supreme Court.
1789 - The U.S. Congress passed the First Judiciary Act. The act provided for an Attorney General and a Supreme Court.
1869 - Thousands of businessmen were financially ruined after a panic on Wall Street. The panic was caused by an attempt to corner the gold market by Jay Gould and James Fisk.
1880 - Sarah Knauss was born. She was the world's oldest person when she died at 119 years old on December 31, 1999.
1915 - "The Lamb," Douglas Fairbanks first film, was shown at the Knickerbocker Theater in New York City, NY.
1929 - The first all-instrument flight took place in New York when Lt. James H. Doolittle guided a Consolidated NY2 Biplane over Mitchell Field.
1933 - "Roses and Drums" was heard on WABC in New York City. It was the first dramatic presentation for radio.
1934 - Babe Ruth played his last game as a New York Yankee player.
1938 - Don Budge became the first tennis player to win all four of the major titles when he won the U.S. Tennis Open. He had already won the Australian Open, the French Open and the British Open.
1948 - Mildred Gillars, known as "Axis Sally", pled innocent to charges of treason. She ended up serving 12 years for being a Nazi wartime radio propagandist.
1955 - U.S. President Dwight Eisenhower suffered a heart attack while on vacation in Denver, CO.
1957 - The Brooklyn Dodgers played their last game at Ebbets Field.
1957 - U.S. President Eisenhower sent federal troops to Little Rock, AR, to enforce school integration.
1960 - The first nuclear powered aircraft carrier was launched. The USS Enterprise set out from Newport News, VA.
1961 - "The Bullwinkle Show" premiered in prime time on NBC-TV. The show was originally on ABC in the afternoon as "Rocky and His Friends."
1963 - The U.S. Senate ratified a treaty that limited nuclear testing. The treaty was between the U.S., Britain, and the Soviet Union.
1968 - "60 Minutes" premiered on CBS-TV.
1968 - "The Mod Squad" premiered on ABC-TV.
1969 - The trial began for the "Chicago Eight," who were accused of inciting riots at the 1968 Democratic national convention.
1976 - Patricia Hearst was sentenced to 7 years in prison for her role in a 1974 bank robbery. An executive clemency order from U.S. President Jimmy Carter set her free after only 22 months.
1977 - "The Love Boat" debuted on ABC-TV. The theme song was sung by Jack Jones and was written by Paul Williams and Charles Fox.
1991 - Jack Mann, a British hostage, was set free by Lebanese kidnappers. He had been held captive for more than two years.
1991 - Theodor Seuss Geisel died at the age of 87. The children's author is better known as Dr. Seuss.
1994 - Ten Haitians were killed when a firefight erupted between U.S. Marines and a group of armed Haitians in Cap-Haitian.
1995 - Three decades of Israeli occupation of West Bank cities ended with the signing of a pact by Israel and the PLO.
1996 - The United States, represented by President Clinton, and the world's other major nuclear powers signed a Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty to end all testing and development of nuclear weapons.
1998 - Gianluigi Assennato, 34, will be tried for one count of stalking and three counts of making terrorist threats towards Andrea Thompson.
1998 - The U.S. Federal Reserve released into circulation $2 billion in new harder-to-counterfeit $20 bills.
2001 - U.S. President George W. Bush froze the assets of 27 suspected terrorists and terrorist groups.
2003 - Anthony Hopkins received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.
2004 - The USS Crommelin stopped the fishing boat San Jose. The Coast Guard team found 26,000 pounds of cocaine.
Melodee Aaron, Erotica Romance Author
Melodee's Books at BookStrand