This Day In History
1815 - Napoleon Bonaparte began his exile on the remote island of St. Helena in the Atlantic Ocean.
1844 - German philosopher Friedich Wilhelm Nietzsche was born.
1860 - Grace Bedell, 11 years old, wrote a letter to presidential candidate Abraham Lincoln. The letter stated that Lincoln would look better if he would grow a beard.
1883 - The U.S. Supreme Court struck down part of the Civil Rights Act of 1875. It allowed for individuals and corporations to discriminate based on race.
1892 - The U.S. government announced that the land in the western Montana was open to settlers. The 1.8 million acres were bought from the Crow Indians for 50 cents per acre.
1914 - The Clayton Antitrust Act was passed by the U.S. Congress.
1917 - Mata Hari was executed by a French firing squad. Hari was a Dutch dancer that had spied for Germany.
1931 - "Cat and the Fiddle" opened in New York for the first of 395 performances.
1937 - "To Have and Have Not" by Ernest Hemingway was published for the first time.
1939 - New York Municipal Airport was dedicated. The name was later changed to La Guardia Airport.
1945 - Pierre Laval, the former premier of Vichy France, was executed for treason.
1946 - Hermann Goering, a Nazi war criminal and founder of the Gestapo, poisoned himself just hours before his scheduled execution.
1951 - "I Love Lucy" premiered on CBS-TV.
1953 - "Teahouse of the August Moon" opened on Broadway. It ran for 1,027 performances.
1962 - The Cuban Missile Crisis began. It was on this day that U.S. intelligence personnel analyzing data discovered Soviet medium-range missile sites in Cuba. On October 22 U.S. President John F. Kennedy announced that he had ordered the naval "quarantine" of Cuba.
1964 - It was announced that Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev had been removed from power. He was replaced with Alexei N. Kosygin.
1966 - U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson signed a bill creating the Department of Transportation.
1973 - "Tomorrow" debuted on NBC-TV.
1983 - U.S. Marines killed five snipers who had pinned them down in Beirut International Airport.
1989 - South African officials released eight prominent political prisoners.
1989 - Wayne Gretzky, while playing for the Los Angeles Kings, surpassed Gordie Howe's NHL scoring record of 1,850 career points.
1993 - U.S. President Clinton sent warships to enforce trade sanctions that had been imposed on Haitian military rulers.
1993 - South Africa's President F.W. de Klerk and African National Congress President Nelson Mandela were named winners of the Nobel Peace Prize for their efforts to end the apartheid system in South Africa.
1997 - British Royal Air Force pilot Andy Green broke the land-speed record by driving a jet-powered car faster than the speed of sound.
1997 - The Cassini-Huygens mission was launched from Cape Canaveral, FL. On January 14, 2005, a probe sent back pictures of Saturn's moon Titan during and after landing.
1998 - Typhoon Zeb killed 24 people and drove 100,000 more from their homes when it hit the Philippines.
1998 - The U.N. condemned the U.S. economic embargo on Cuba for the seventh year in a row.
1998 - James Woods received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.
2001 - NASA's Galileo spacecraft passed within 112 miles of Jupiter's moon Io.
Whose Birthday Is It?
Virgil 70 B.C.
Friedrich Nietzsche 1844
Mule (George) Haas 1903
John Kenneth Galbraith 1908
David Carroll 1913
Jan Miner 1917
Arthur Schlesinger, Jr. 1917
Robert Walker 1918
Mario Puzo 1920
Lee Iacocca 1924
Jean Peters 1926
Peter Haskell 1934
Linda Lavin 1937
Barry McGuire 1937
Marv Johnson 1938
Dick Lotz 1942
Penny Marshall 1942
Don Stevenson 1942
Jim Palmer 1945
Victor Banerjee 1946
Richard Carpenter 1946
Roscoe Tanner 1951
Tito Jackson 1953
Jere Burns 1954
Tanya Roberts 1955
Sarah Ferguson 1959
Mark Reznicek 1962
Melodee Aaron, Erotica Romance Author
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