This Day In History
1777 - American troops defeated British forces in Saratoga, NY. It was the turning point in the American Revolutionary War.
1880 - Founder of the Kraft Food Company, Charles Kraft was born.
1888 - The first issue of "National Geographic Magazine" was released at newsstands.
1917 - The Radio Corporation of America (RCA) was formed.
1931 - Al Capone was convicted on income tax evasion and was sentenced to 11 years in prison. He was released in 1939.
1933 - "News-Week" appeared for the first time at newsstands. The name was later changed to "Newsweek."
1933 - Dr. Albert Einstein moved to Princeton, NJ, after leaving Germany.
1939 - "Mr. Smith Goes to Washington" premiered.
1945 - Ava Gardner and Artie Shaw were married.
1945 - Colonel Juan Peron became the dictator of Argentina after staging a coup in Buenos Aires.
1973 - The Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) began an oil-embargo against several countries including the U.S. and Great Britain. The incident stemmed from Western support of Israel when Egypt and Syria attacked the nation on October 6, 1973. The embargo lasted until March of 1974.
1978 - U.S. President Carter signed a bill that restored full U.S. citizenship rights to Confederate President Jefferson Davis.
1979 - Mother Teresa of India was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.
1987 - U.S. First Lady Nancy Reagan underwent a modified radical mastectomy at Bethesda Naval Hospital in Maryland.
1989 - An earthquake measuring 7.1 on the Richter Scale hit the San Francisco Bay area in California. The quake caused about 67 deaths, 3,000 injuries, and damages up to $7 billion.
1994 - Israel and Jordan initialed a draft peace treaty.
1994 - The Angolan government and rebels agreed to a peace treaty that ended their 19 years of civil war.
1997 - The remains of revolutionary Ernesto "Che" Guevara were laid to rest in his adopted Cuba, 30 years after his execution in Bolivia.
2000 - In New York City, Madame Tussaud's Wax Museum opened to the public. The 42nd Street location joined Tussaud's other exhibitions already in London, Hong Kong, Amsterdam and Las Vegas.
2000 - Patrick Roy (Colorado Avalanche) achieved his 448th victory as a goalie in the NHL. Roy passed Terry Sawchuck to become the record holder for career victories.
2001 - Israel's tourism minister was killed. A radical Palestinian faction claimed that it had carried out the assassination to avenge the killing of its leader by Israel 2 months earlier.
2001 - Pakistan placed its armed forces on high alert because of troop movements by India in the disputed territory of Kashmir. India said that the movements were part of a normal troop rotation.
2001 - The U.S. Capitol building was closed because of an outside threat. The Capitol building and all House office buildings were closed for inspection following the discovery of anthrax in a Senate office building.
2001 - Italian priest Giuseppe "Beppe" Pierantoni was kidnapped by the terrorist group the "Pentagon." He was released on April 8, 2002.
2003 - In the U.S., the Food and Drug Administration approved a drug, known as memantine, to help people with Alzheimer's symptoms.
2003 - In Taipei, Taiwan, construction crews finished 1,676-foot-tall-building called Taipei 101. The building was planned to open for business in 2004.
2003 - In northwest England, the Carnforth railway station reopened as a heritage center.
Whose Birthday Is It?
Jupiter Hammon 1711
Charles Kraft 1880
Spring Byington 1893
Jean Arthur 1900
Irene Ryan 1902
Cozy (William) Cole 1909
John Mosley 1914
Jerry Siegel 1914
Arthur Miller 1915
Marsha Hunt 1917
Rita Hayworth 1918
Elie Abel 1920
Montgomery Clift 1920
Julie Adams 1926
Beverly Garland 1926
Tom Poston 1927
Johnny Klippstein 1927
Jimmy Breslin 1930
Evel Knievel (Robert Craig) 1938
James Seals 1940
Earl Thomas Conley 1941
Gary Puckett 1942
Bob Seagren 1946
Jim Tucker 1946
Michael McKean 1947
George Wendt 1948
Margot Kidder 1948
Bill Hudson 1949
Howard Rollins 1950
Sam Bottoms 1955
Mae Jemison 1956
Vincent Van Patten 1957
Alan Jackson 1958
Mike Judge 1962
Norm MacDonald 1963
Ziggy Marley 1968
Chris Kirkpatrick 1971