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Monday, October 18, 2010

October 18 - This Day In History

This Day In History

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October 18

1469 - Ferdinand of Aragon married Isabella of Castile. The marriage united all the dominions of Spain.

1685 - King Louis XIV of France revoked the Edict of Nantes, which had established the legal toleration of the Protestant population.

1767 - The Mason-Dixon line was agreed upon. It was the boundary between Maryland and Pennsylvania.

1842 - Samuel Finley Breese Morse laid his first telegraph cable.

1860 - British troops burned the Yuanmingyuan at the end of the Second Opium War.

1867 - The U.S. took formal possession of Alaska from Russia. The land was purchased of a total of $7 million dollars (2 cents per acre).

1873 - The first rules for intercollegiate football were drawn up by representatives from Rutgers, Yale, Columbia and Princeton Universities.

1892 - The first long-distance telephone line between Chicago, IL, and New York City, NY, was opened.

1898 - The American flag was raised in Puerto Rico only one year after the Caribbean nation won its independence from Spain.

1929 - The Judicial Committee of England's Privy Council ruled that women were to be considered as persons in Canada.

1931 - Inventor Thomas Alva Edison died at the age of 84.

1943 - The first broadcast of "Perry Mason" was presented on CBS Radio. The show went to TV in 1957.

1944 - Czechoslovakia was invaded by the Soviets during World War II.

1944 - "Forever Amber", written by Kathleen Windsor, was first published.

1950 - Connie Mack announced that he was going to retire after 50 seasons as the manager of the Philadelphia Athletics.

1956 - NFL commissioner Bert Bell disallowed the use of radio-equipped helmets by NFL quarterbacks.

1958 - The first computer-arranged marriage took place on Art Linkletter's show.

1961 - Henri Matiss' "Le Bateau" went on display at New York's Museum of Modern Art. It was discovered 46 days later that the painting had been hanging upside down.

1967 - The American League granted permission for the A's to move to Oakland. Also, new franchises were awarded to Kansas City and Seattle.

1968 - Two black athletes, Tommie Smith and John Carlos, were suspended by the U.S. Olympic Committee for giving a "black power" salute during a ceremony in Mexico City.

1969 - The U.S. government banned artificial sweeteners due to evidence that they caused cancer.

1970 - Quebec's minister of labor was found strangled to death after eight days of being held captive by the Quebec Liberation Front (FLQ).

1971 - After 34 years, the final issue of "Look" magazine was published.

1977 - A German special forces team stormed a hijacked Lufthansa airliner and killed all four hijackers and freed 86 hostages. The Palestinian hijackers had demanded the release of members of the Red Army Faction.

1977 - Reggie Jackson tied Babe Ruth's record for hitting three homeruns in a single World Series game. Jackson was only the second player to achieve this.

1983 - General Motors agreed to hire more women and minorities for five years as part of a settlement with the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission.

1985 - South African authorities hanged black activist Benjamin Moloise. Moloise had been convicted of murdering a police officer.

1989 - Egon Krenz became the leader of East Germany after Erich Honecker was ousted. Honeker had been in power for 18 years.

1989 - The space shuttle Atlantis was launched on a mission that included the deployment of the Galileo space probe.

1990 - Iraq made an offer to the world that it would sell oil for $21 a barrel. The price level was the same as it had been before the invasion of Kuwait.

1997 - A monument honoring U.S. servicewomen, past and present, was dedicated at Arlington National Cemetery.

2001 - In New York, four defendants were convicted for the 1998 bombings of two U.S. embassies in Africa.

2001 - It was announced that a New Jersey letter carrier and an employee in the office of CBS news anchorman Dan Rather's office had tested positive for skin anthrax.

Whose Birthday Is It?

Giovanni Canaletto 1697

Salomon Andree 1854

Henri Bergson 1859

Lotte Lenya 1898

Miriam Hopkins 1902

James Brooks 1906

Bobby Troup 1918

Anita O'Day 1919

Pierre Elliott Trudeau 1919

Melina Mercouri 1923

Chuck Berry 1926

George C. Scott 1927

Keith Jackson 1928

Violeta Barrios de Chamorro 1929

Forrest Gregg 1933

Inger Stevens 1934

Peter Boyle 1935

Mike Ditka 1939

Lee Harvey Oswald 1939

Willie Horton 1942

Russ Giguere 1943

Joe Morton 1947

Laura Nyro 1947

Paulette Williams 1948

Gary Richrath 1949

Wendy Wasserstein 1950

Pam Dawber 1951

Terry McMillan 1951

Jerry Royster 1952

Keith Knudsen 1952

Martina Navratilova 1956

Thomas Hearns 1958

Jean-Claude Van Damme 1960

Erin Moran 1961

Wynton Marsalis 1961

Vincent Spano 1962

Tim Cross 1966

Michael Stich 1968

Nonchalant 1973

Peter Svenson 1974

Jesse Littleton 1981

Tyler Posey 1991

Keep Loving!

Melodee Aaron, Erotica Romance Author

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