This Day In History
1746 - The College of New Jersey was officially chartered. It later became known as Princeton University.
1797 - Andre-Jacques Garnerin made the first recorded parachute jump. He made the jump from about 3,000 feet.
1836 - Sam Houston was inaugurated as the first constitutionally elected president of the Republic of Texas.
1844 - This day is recognized as "The Great Disappointment" among those who practiced Millerism. The world was expected to come to an end according to the followers of William Miller.
1879 - Thomas Edison conducted his first successful experiment with a high-resistance carbon filament.
1883 - The New York Horse show opened. The first national horse show was formed by the newly organized National Horse Show Association of America.
1907 - The Panic of 1907 began when depositors began withdrawing money from many New York banks.
1934 - Charles "Pretty Boy" Floyd, the notorious bank robber, was shot and killed by Federal agents in East Liverpool, OH.
1939 - The first televised pro football game was telecast from New York. Brooklyn defeated Philadelphia 23-14.
1950 - The Los Angeles Rams set an NFL record by defeating the Baltimore Colts 70-27. It was a record score for a regular season game.
1954 - The Federal Republic of Germany was invited to join the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO).
1959 - "Take Me Along" opened on Broadway.
1962 - U.S. President Kennedy went on radio and television to inform the United States about his order to send U.S. forces to blockade Cuba. The blockade was in response to the discovery of Soviet missile bases on the island.
1968 - Apollo 7 splashed down in the Atlantic Ocean. The spacecraft had orbited the Earth 163 times.
1975 - Air Force Technical Sergeant Leonard Matlovich was discharged after publicly declaring his homosexuality. His tombstone reads, "A gay Vietnam Veteran. When I was in the military they gave me a medal for killing two men and a discharge for loving one."
1979 - The ousted Shah of Iran, Mohammad Riza Pahlavi was allowed into the U.S. for medical treatment.
1981 - The Professional Air Traffic Controllers Organization was decertified by the federal government for its strike the previous August.
1983 - At the Augusta National Golf Course in Georgia, an armed man crashed a truck through front gates and demanded to speak with U.S. President Ronald Reagan.
1986 - U.S. President Reagan signed the Tax Reform Act of 1986 into law.
1991 - The European Community and the European Free Trade Association agreed to create a free trade zone of 19 nations by the year 1993.
1995 - The 50th anniversary of the United Nations was marked by a record number of world leaders gathering.
1995 - British writer Sir Kingsley Amis died at the age of 73.
1998 - The United Nations announced that over 2 million children had been killed in war as innocent victims since 1987.
1998 - Pakistan's carpet weaving industry announced that they would begin to phase out child labor.
1999 - China ended its first-ever human rights conference in which it defied Western definitions of civil liberties.
1999 - The U.N. Security Council voted to send 6,000 troops to Sierra Leone to oversee a peace plan that had been signed in July.
2008 - The iTunes Music Store reached 200 million applications downloaded.
Whose Birthday Is It?
Franz Liszt 1811
Sarah Bernhardt 1844
Giovanni Martinelli 1885
Curly Howard 1903
George Beadle 1903
Constance Bennett 1905
Jimmie Foxx 1907
Boots Mallory 1913
Harry Walker 1916
Joan Fontaine 1917
Doris Lessing 1919
Mitzi Green 1920
Timothy Leary 1920
Slater Martin 1925
Robert Rauschenberg 1925
Dory Previn 1930
Derek Jacobi 1938
Christopher Lloyd 1938
Tony Roberts 1939
Ray Jones 1939
Stanley Mazor 1941
Annette Funicello 1942
Catherine Deneuve 1943
Bobby Fuller 1943
Leslie West 1945
Eddie Brigati 1945
Butch Goring 1949
Stiv Bators 1949
Jeff Goldblum 1952
Patti Davis 1953
Jamie Quirk 1954
Todd Graff 1959
Cris Kirkwood 1960
John Wesley Harding 1965
Valeria Golino 1966
Shelby Lynne 1968
Tracey Lee 1970
Ichiro Suzuki 1973
Michael Fishman 1980
Zachary Hanson 1985
Jonathan Lipnicki 1990