This Day In History
1537 - Jane Seymour, the third wife of England's King Henry VIII, died after giving birth to Prince Edward. Prince Edward became King Edward VI.
1632 - Scientist Anthony van Leeuwenhoek was born in Delft, Holland. He created the first microscope lenses that were powerful enough to observe single-celled animals.
1648 - The Holy Roman Empire was effectively destroyed by the Peace of Westphalia that brought an end to the Thirty Years War.
1788 - Poet Sarah Joseph Hale was born. She wrote the poem "Mary Had A Little Lamb."
1795 - The country of Poland was divided up between Austria, Prussia, and Russia.
1830 - Belva Lockwood was born. She was the first woman formally nominated for the U.S. Presidency.
1836 - Alonzo D. Phillips received a patent for the phosphorous friction safety match.
1861 - The first transcontinental telegraph message was sent when Justice Stephen J. Field of California transmitted a telegram to U.S. President Lincoln.
1901 - Daredevil Anna Edson Taylor became the first person to go over Niagara Falls in a wooden barrel. She was 63 years old.
1929 - In the U.S., investors dumped more than 13 million shares on the stock market. The day is known as "Black Thursday."
1931 - The George Washington Bridge opened for traffic between New York and New Jersey.
1939 - Nylon stockings were sold to the public for the first time in Wilmington, DE.
1940 - In the U.S., the 40-hour workweek went into effect under the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938.
1945 - The United Nations (UN) was formally established less than a month after the end of World War II. The Charter was ratified by China, France, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom, the United States, and by a majority of other signatories.
1945 - Pierre Laval of France and Vidkum Abraham Quisling of Norway were executed. The two men were recognized as the two most prominent collaborators of the Nazis.
1948 - The term "cold war" was used for the first time. It was in a speech by Bernard Baruch before the Senate War Investigating Committee.
1949 - The cornerstone for the U.N. Headquarters was laid in New York City.
1960 - All remaining American-owned property in Cuba was nationalized. The process of nationalizing all U.S. and foreign-owned property in Cuban had begun on August 6, 1960.
1962 - During the Cuban Missile Crisis, U.S. military forces went on the highest alert in the postwar era in preparation for a possible full-scale war with the Soviet Union. The U.S. blockade of Cuba officially began on this day.
1969 - Richard Burton bought his wife Elizabeth Taylor a 69-carat Cartier diamond ring for $1.5 million. Burton presented the ring to Taylor several days later.
1986 - Britain broke off relations with Syria after a Jordanian was convicted in an attempted bombing. The evidence in the trial led to the belief that Syria was involved in the attack on the Israeli jetliner.
1989 - Reverend Jim Bakker was sentenced to 45 years in prison and fined $500,000 for his conviction on 24 counts of fraud. In 1991, his sentence was reduced to eighteen years and he was released on parole after a total five years in prison.
1992 - The Toronto Blue Jays became the first non-U.S. team to win the World Series.
1997 - In Arlington, VA, former NBC sportscaster Marv Albert was spared a jail sentence after a courtroom apology to the woman he'd bitten during a sexual encounter.
1999 - An Israeli court sentenced American teen-ager Samuel Sheinbein to 24 years in prison. The crime was killing an acquaintance in Maryland in 1997.
2001 - The U.S. House of Representatives approved legislation that gave police the power to secretly search homes, tap all of a person's telephone conversation and track people's use of the Internet.
2001 - The U.S. stamp "United We Stand" was dedicated.
2001 - NASA's 2001 Mars Odyssey spacecraft successfully entered orbit around Mars.
2002 - Microsoft Corp. and Walt Disney Co. announced the release of an upgraded MSN Internet service with Disney content.
Disney movies, music and books
2003 - In London, the last commercial supersonic Concorde flight landed.
Whose Birthday Is It?
Sarah J. Hale 1788
Belva Lockwood 1830
James Sherman 1855
Molina Trujillo 1891
Preston Foster 1900
Moss Hart 1904
Sonny Terry 1911
Bob Kane 1915
Y.A. Tittle 1926
J.P. Richardson 1930
Bill Wyman 1936
Santo Farina 1937
F. Murray Abraham 1939
J.P. Richardson 1930
David Nelson 1936
Jerry Edmonton 1946
Kevin Kline 1947
Kweisi Mfume 1948
B.D. Wong 1962
Ben Gillies 1979