This Day In History
1606 - The "Susan Constant," "Godspeed" and "Discovery" set sail from London. Their landing at Jamestown, VA, was the start of the first permanent English settlement in America.
1699 - Peter the Great ordered that the Russian New Year be changed from September 1 to January 1.
1790 - The first successful cotton mill in the United States began operating at Pawtucket, RI.
1803 - The United States Senate ratified a treaty that included the Louisiana Territories from France for $15 million. The transfer was completed with formal ceremonies in New Orleans.
1820 - The state of Missouri enacted legislation to tax bachelors between the ages of 21-50 for being unmarried. The tax was $1 a year.
1860 - South Carolina became the first state to secede from the American Union.
1864 - Confederate forces evacuated Savannah, GA as Union Gen. William T. Sherman continued his "March to the Sea."
1879 - Thomas A. Edison privately demonstrated his incandescent light at Menlo Park, NJ.
1880 - New York's Broadway became known as the "Great White Way" when it was lighted by electricity.
1892 - Alexander T. Brown and George Stillman patented the pneumatic tire.
1928 - Mail delivery by dog sled began in Lewiston, ME.
1933 - The film "Flying Down to Rio" was first shown in New York.
1938 - Vladimir Kosma Zworykin patented the iconoscope television system.
1946 - The Frank Capra film "It's A Wonderful Life" had a preview showing for charity at New York City's Globe Theatre, a day before its "official" world premiere. James Stewart and Donna Reed star in the film.
1946 - In Indochina (Vietnam), full-scale guerrilla warfare between Vietnam partisans and French troops began.
1954 - Buick Motor Company signed Jackie Gleason to one of the largest contracts ever entered into with an entertainer. Gleason agreed to produce 78 half-hour shows over a two-year period for $6,142,500.
1962 - A world indoor pole-vault record was set by Don Meyers when he cleared 16 feet, 11/4 inches.
1963 - The Berlin Wall was opened for the first time to West Berliners. It was only for the holiday season. It closed again on January 6, 1964.
1968 - Author John Steinbeck died at the age of 66.
1973 - The Spanish premier Carrero Blanco was assassinated in Madrid.
1987 - More than 3,000 people were killed when the Dona Paz, a Philippine passenger ship, collided with the tanker Vector off Mindoro island, setting off a double explosion.
1989 - General Noriega, Panama's former dictator, was overthrown by a United States invasion force invited by the new civilian government. The project was known as Operation Just Cause.
1991 - Ante Markovic resigned as federal Prime Minister of Yugoslavia.
1991 - Oliver Stone's "JFK" opened in the U.S.
1994 - Marcelino Corniel, a homeless man, was shot and mortally wounded by White House security officers. He had brandished a knife near the executive mansion.
1994 - Ivan Lendl retired after a 17-year tennis career.
1995 - An American Airlines Boeing 757 en route to Cali, Colombia, crashed into a mountain, killing all but four of the 163 people aboard.
1996 - Doctors reported that a Cypriot woman who had taken fertility drugs was carrying about 11 embryos.
1998 - In Houston, TX, a 27-year-old woman gave birth to the only known living set of octuplets.
1999 - The Vermont Supreme Court ruled that homosexual couples were entitled to the same benefits and protections as wedded couples of the opposite sex.
1999 - Sovereignty over the colony of Macao was transferred from Portugal to China.
2001 - The U.S. Congress passed a $20 billion package to finance the war against terrorism taking place in Afghanistan.
2001 - Argentina's President Fernando De la Rua resigned after two years in power.
2001 - The first British peacekeepers arrived in Afghanistan to help the nation heal after decades of war.
Whose Birthday Is It?
Samuel Mudd 1833
Harvey Firestone 1868
Walter Adams 1876
Branch Rickey 1881
Susanne Langer 1895
Gabby Harnett 1900
Irene Dunn 1901
Max Lerner 1902
Sidney Hook 1902
Vagn Holmboe 1909
Hortense Calisher 1911
Eugene W. Smith 1918
Audrey Totter 1918
Ann Richards 1918
George Roy Hill 1922
James Leasor 1923
David Levine 1926
John Christiansen 1928
John Hillerman 1932
Mattie Alou 1938
Kim Weston 1939
Bob Hayes 1942
Angel Tompkins 1943
Bobby Colomby 1944
Peter Criss 1945
Uri Geller 1946
John Spencer 1946
Dick Gibbs 1948
Little Stevie Wright 1948
Oscar Gamble 1949
Cecil Cooper 1949
Bill Clement 1950
Jenny Agutter 1952
Michael Badalucco 1954
Blanche Baker 1956
Billy Bragg 1958
Mark Keyloun 1960
Kris Tyler 1964
Chris Robinson 1966
Melodee Aaron, Erotica Romance Author
Melodee's Books at BookStrand