This Day In History
1818 - Illinois was admitted as the 21st state of the union.
1828 - Andrew Jackson was elected president of the United States.
1833 - Oberlin College in Ohio opened as the first truly coeducational school of higher education in the United States.
1835 - In Rhode Island, the Manufacturer Mutual Fire Insurance Company issued the first fire insurance policy.
1910 - The neon lamp was displayed for the first time at the Paris Motor Show. The lamp was developed by French physicist Georges Claude.
1917 - The Quebec Bridge opened for traffic after almost 20 years of planning and construction. The bridge suffered partial collapses in 1907 (August 29) and 1916 (September 11).
1931 - Alka Seltzer was sold for the first time.
1947 - The Tennessee Williams play "A Streetcar Named Desire" opened at Broadway's Ethel Barrymore Theater.
1948 - The "Pumpkin Papers" came to public light. The House Un-American Activities Committee announced that former Communist spy Whittaker Chambers had produced microfilm of secret documents hidden inside a pumpkin on his Maryland farm.
1950 - Paul Harvey began his national radio broadcast.
1950 - Tom Fears (Los Angeles Rams) caught an NFL-record 18 passes against the Green Bay Packers. Terrell Owens (San Francisco 49ers) broke the record with 20 catches for 283 yards and a touchdown against the Chicago Bears on December 17, 2000.
1964 - Police arrested about 800 students at the University of California at Berkeley. The arrest took place one day after the students staged a massive sit-in inside an administration building.
1967 - In Cape Town, South Africa, a team of surgeons headed by Dr. Christian Barnard, performed the first human heart transplant on Louis Washkansky. Washkansky only lived 18 days.
1967 - The famed luxury train, "20th Century Limited," completed its final run from New York to Chicago.
1968 - The rules committee of Major League Baseball (MLB) announced that in 1969 the pitcher's mound would be lowered from 15 to 10 inches. This was done in order to "get more batting action."
1973 - Pioneer 10 sent back the first close-up images of Jupiter. The first outer-planetary probe had been launched from Cape Canaveral, FL, on March 2, 1972.
1980 - U.S. Representatives Frank Thompson, Jr. (D-NJ) and John Murphy (D-NY) were convicted on Abscam charges.
1982 - Doctors at the University of Utah Medical Center removed the respirator of Barney Clark. The retired dentist had become the world's first recipient of a permanent artificial heart only one day before.
1983 - 3-foot-high concrete barriers were installed at two White House entrances.
1984 - In Bhopal, India, more than 2,000 people were killed after a cloud of poisonous gas escaped from a pesticide plant. The plant was operated by a Union Carbide subsidiary.
1987 - U.S. President Reagan said there was a good chance of progress toward a treaty on long-range weapons with Mikhail S. Gorbachev.
1988 - In South Africa, 11 black funeral mourners were slain in Natal Province in an attack blamed on security forces.
1988 - Barry Sanders of Oklahoma State University won the Heisman Trophy.
1990 - A collision, on the ground, of a Northwest Airlines DC-9 and a Northwest Boeing 727 at Detroit Metropolitan Airport, resulted in a fire that claimed eight lives.
1991 - After nearly five years, Shiite Muslim radicals in Lebanon released American hostage Allen Sutten.
1992 - The UN Security Council unanimously approved a U.S.-led military mission to help starving Somalians.
1992 - The Greek tanker "Aegean Sea" ran aground at La Coruna, Spain and spilled 21.5 million gallons of crude oil.
1993 - Britain's Princess Diana announced she would be limiting her public appearances because she was tired of the media's intrusions into her life.
1993 - Angola's government and its rebel enemies agreed to a cease-fire in their 18-year war.
1994 - Rebel Serbs in Bosnia failed to keep a pledge to release hundreds of UN peacekeepers.
1994 - AIDS activist Elizabeth Glaser died at the age 47. She and her two children were infected with HIV because of a blood transfusion.
1995 - Former South Korean president Chun Doo-hwan was arrested for his role in a 1979 coup.
1997 - Pierce Brosnan received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.
1997 - In Ottawa, Canada, more than 120 countries were represented to sign a treaty prohibiting the use and production of anti-personnel land mines. The United States, China and Russia did not sign the treaty.
1997 - South Korea received $55 billion from the International Monetary Fund to bailout its economy.
1998 - In Manilla, 28 people were killed in an orphanage that caught fire. Most of the victims were children.
1999 - Tori Murden became the first woman to row across the Atlantic Ocean alone. It took her 81 days to reach the French Caribbean island of Guadeloupe from the Canary Islands.
1999 - The World Trade Organization (WTO) concluded a four-day meeting in Seattle, WA, without setting an agenda for a new round of trade talks. The meeting was met with fierce protests by various groups.
1999 - The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) lost radio contact with the Mars Polar Lander as it entered Mars' atmosphere. The spacecraft was unmanned.
Whose Birthday Is It?
George McClellan 1826
Joseph Conrad 1857
Carlos Montoya 1903
Ferlin Husky 1925
Andy Williams 1927
Jean-Luc Godard 1930
Jaye P. Morgan 1931
Bobby Allison 1937
John Cale 1940
Mary Alice 1941
Peter C. Schulz 1942
Ozzy Osbourne 1948
Heather Menzies 1949
Mickey Thomas 1949
Don Barnes 1952
Rick Mears 1953
Steve Forbert 1954
Paul Gregg 1954
Daryl Hannah 1960
Julianne Moore 1960
Katarina Witt 1965
Montell Jordan 1968
Brendan Fraser 1968
Royale Watkins 1969
Bruno Campos 1973
Holly Marie Combs 1973
Lauren Roman 1975
Anna Chlumsky 1980
Brian Bonsall 1981
Michael Angaran 1987
Melodee Aaron, Erotica Romance Author
Melodee's Books at BookStrand