This Day In History
1594 - Gustavus II of Sweden was born.
1608 - English poet John Milton was born in London.
1625 - The Treaty of the Hague was signed by England and the Netherlands. The agreement was to subsidize Christian IV of Denmark in his campaign in Germany.
1783 - The first executions at Newgate Prison took place.
1793 - "The American Minerva" was published for the first time. It was the first daily newspaper in New York City and was founded by Noah Webster.
1803 - The 12th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution was passed by the U.S. Congress. With the amendment Electors were directed to vote for a President and for a Vice-President rather than for two choices for President.
1848 - American author and creator of "Uncle Remus and Brer Rabbit," Joel Chandler Harris was born.
1854 - Alfred Lord Tennyson's poem, "The Charge of the Light Brigade," was published in England.
1879 - Thomas Edison organized the Edison Ore Milling Company.
1884 - Levant M. Richardson received a patent for the ball-bearing roller skate.
1892 - In London, "Widowers' Houses," George Bernard Shaw's first play, opened at the Royalty Theater.
1907 - Christmas Seals went on sale for the first time, in the Wilmington, DE, post office.
1926 - The United States Golf Association legalized the use of steel-shafted golf clubs.
1914 - The Edison Phonograph Works was destroyed by fire.
1917 - Turkish troops surrendered Jerusalem to British troops led by Viscount Allenby.
1940 - During World War II, British troops opened their first major offensive in North Africa.
1940 - The Longines Watch Company signed for the first FM radio advertising contract with experimental station W2XOR in New York City.
1941 - China declared war on Japan, Germany and Italy.
1942 - The Aram Khachaturian ballet "Gayane" was first performed by the Kirov Ballet.
1955 - Sugar Ray Robinson knocked out Carl Olson and regained his world middleweight boxing title.
1958 - In Indianapolis, IN, Robert H.W. Welch Jr. and 11 other men met to form the anti-Communist John Birch Society.
1960 - Sperry Rand Corporation unveiled a new computer, known as "Univac 1107."
1960 - The first episode of "Coronation Street" was screened on ITV.
1962 - "Lawrence of Arabia," by David Lean had its world premiere in London.
1965 - Nikolai V. Podgorny replaced Anastas I. Mikoyan as president of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet.
1975 - U.S. President Gerald R. Ford signed a $2.3 billion seasonal loan authorization to prevent New York City from having to default.
1978 - The first game of the Women's Pro Basketball League (WBL) was played between the Chicago Hustle and the Milwaukee Does.
1983 - NATO foreign ministers called on the Soviet Union to join in a "comprehensive political dialogue" to ease tensions in the world.
1984 - Iranian security men seized control of the plane ending a five-day hijacking of a Kuwaiti jetliner, which was parked at the Tehran airport.
1985 - In Argentina, five former military junta members received sentences in prison for their roles in the "dirty war" in which nearly 9,000 people had "disappeared."
1987 - West Bank Palestinians launched an intifada (uprising) against Israeli occupation.
1987 - In the Gaza Strip, an Israeli patrol attacked the Jabliya refugee camp.
1990 - Lech Walesa won Poland's first direct presidential election in the country's history.
1990 - Slobodan Milosovic was elected president in Serbia's first free elections in 50 years.
1990 - The first American hostages to be released by Iraq began arriving in the U.S.
1991 - European Community leaders agreed to begin using a single currency in 1999.
1992 - Britain's Prince Charles and Princess Diana announced their separation.
1992 - Clair George, former CIA spy chief, was convicted of lying to the U.S. Congress about the Iran-Contra affair. U.S. President George H.W. Bush later pardoned George.
1992 - U.S. troops arrived in Mogadishu, Somalia, to oversee delivery of international food aid, in operation 'Restore Hope'.
1993 - The U.S. Air Force destroyed the first of 500 Minuteman II missile silos that were marked for elimination under an arms control treaty.
1993 - Astronauts aboard the space shuttle Endeavor completed repairs to the Hubble Space Telescope.
1993 - At Princeton University in New Jersey, scientists produced a controlled fusion reaction equivalent to 3 million watts.
1994 - Representatives of the Irish Republican Army and the British government opened peace talks in Northern Ireland.
1994 - U.S. President Clinton fired Surgeon General Joycelyn Elders after learning that she had told a conference that masturbation should be discussed in school as a part of human sexuality.
1996 - UN Secretary General Boutros-Ghali approved a deal allowing Iraq to resume its exports of oil and easing the UN trade embargo imposed on Iraq in 1990.
1999 - The U.S. announced that it was expelling a Russian diplomat that had been caught gathering information with an eavesdropping device at the U.S. State Department.
2002 - United Airlines filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy after losing $4 billion in the previous two years. It was the sixth largest bankruptcy filing.
2003 - In Australia, thieves broke into a home and stole two 300-year-old etchings by Rembrandt. The 4-by-4-inch etchings, a self-portrait and a depiction of the artist's mother, were valued around $518,000.
Whose Birthday Is It?
John Milton 1608
Clarence Birdseye 1886
Emmett Kelly 1898
Margaret Hamilton 1902
Douglas Fairbanks, Jr. 1909
Kirk Douglas 1918
Redd Foxx 1922
Dina Merrill 1925
Dick Van Patten 1928
Buck Henry 1930
Morton Downey Jr. 1933
Judi Dench 1934
Junior Wells 1934
Deacon Jones 1938
Dan Hicks 1941
Beau Bridges 1941
Dick Butkus 1942
Rick Danko 1943
George Baker 1944
Michael Nouri 1945
Tom Kite 1949
Joan Armatrading 1950
Michael Dorn 1952
John Malkovich 1953
Donny Osmond 1957
Nick Seymour 1958
Mario Cantone 1949
Joe Lando 1961
Felicity Huffman 1962
Kat Bjelland 1963
Jerry Hughes 1965
Thomas Flowers 1967
Brian Bell 1968
Jakob Dylan 1969
Brian Hayes 1969
Allison Smith 1969
David Kersh 1970
Kara DioGuardi 1970
Tre Cool 1972
Eric Zamora 1976
Imogen Heap 1977
Jesse Metcalfe 1978
Simon Helberg 1980
Melodee Aaron, Erotica Romance Author
Melodee's Books at BookStrand