This Day In History
1492 - The leader of the last Arab stronghold in Spain surrendered to Spanish forces loyal to King Ferdinand II and Queen Isabella I.
1788 - Georgia became the 4th state to ratify the U.S. Constitution.
1842 - In Fairmount, PA, the first wire suspension bridge was opened to traffic.
1859 - Erastus Beadle published "The Dime Book of Practical Etiquette."
1872 - Brigham Young, the 71-year-old leader of the Mormon Church, was arrested on a charge of bigamy. He had 25 wives.
1879 - Thomas Edison began construction on his first generator.
1890 - Alice Sanger became the first female White House staffer.
1893 - The first commemorative postage stamps were issued.
1900 - U.S. Secretary of State John Hay announced the Open Door Policy to prompt trade with China.
1900 - The Chicago Canal opened.
1910 - The first junior high school in the United States opened. McKinley School in Berkeley, CA, housed seventh and eighth grade students. In a separate building students were housed who attended grades 9-12.
1917 - Royal Bank of Canada took over the Quebec Bank.
1921 - The first religious broadcast on radio was heard on KDKA Radio in Pittsburgh, PA, as Dr. E.J. Van Etten of Calvary Episcopal Church preached.
1921 - DeYoung Museum in Golden Gate Park opened.
1929 - The United States and Canada reached an agreement on joint action to preserve Niagara Falls.
1935 - Bruno Richard Hauptmann went on trial for the kidnap-murder of Charles Lindberghs baby. Hauptmann was found guilt and executed.
1942 - The Philippine capital of Manila was captured by Japanese forces during World War II.
1953 - "The Life of Riley" debuted on NBC-TV.
1955 - Panamanian President Jose Antonio Remon was assassinated.
1957 - The San Francisco and Los Angeles stock exchanges merged.
1959 - CBS Radio ended four soap operas. "Our Gal Sunday", "This is Nora Drake", "Backstage Wife" and "Road of Life" all aired for the last time.
1960 - U.S. Sen. John F. Kennedy of Massachusetts announced his candidacy for the Democratic presidential nomination.
1965 - "Broadway" Joe Namath signed the richest rookie contract ($400,000) in the history of pro football.
1968 - Dr. Christian Barnard performed the first successful heart transplant.
1968 - Fidel Castro announced petroleum and sugar rationing in Cuba.
1971 - In the U.S., a federally imposed ban on television cigarette advertisements went into effect.
1974 - U.S. President Richard M. Nixon signed a bill requiring all states to lower the maximum speed limit to 55 MPH. The law was intended to conserve gasoline supplies during an embargo imposed by Arab oil-producing countries. Federal speed limits were abolished in 1995.
1983 - The final edition of Garry Trudeau’s comic strip, "Doonesbury", appeared in 726 newspapers. "Doonesbury" began running again in September 1984.
1983 - The musical "Annie" closed on Broadway at the Uris Theatre after 2,377 performances.
1985 - The Rebels of UNLV beat Utah State in three overtime periods. The final score of 142-140 set a new NCAA record for total points in a basketball game (282). The game took over three hours to play.
1991 - Sharon Pratt Dixon was sworn in as mayor of Washington, DC. She was the first black woman to head a city of that size and prominence.
1996 - AT&T announced that it would eliminate 40,000 jobs over three years.
1998 - Russia began circulating new rubles in effort to keep inflation in check and promote confidence.
Whose Birthday Is It?
Nathaniel Bacon 1647
Philip Freneau 1752
Martha Thomas 1857
Sally Rand 1904
James Melton 1904
Sir Michael Tippett 1905
Vera Zorina (Eva Hartwig) 1917
Isaac Asimov 1920
Renata Tebaldi 1922
Anna Lee 1923
Jason Evers 1927
Gino Marchetti 1927
Julius LaRosa 1930
Roger Miller 1936
Jim Bakker 1939
Donald B. Keck 1941
Christopher Durang 1949
Chick Churchill (Ten Years After) 1949
Wendy Phillips 1952
Joanna Pacula 1957
Gabrielle Carteris 1961
Cuba Gooding, Jr. 1968
Christy Turlington 1969
Todd Haynes 1961
Tia Carrere 1967
Taye Diggs 1971
Kate Bosworth 1973
Melodee Aaron, Erotica Romance Author
Melodee's Books at BookStrand