This Day In History
1793 - Jean-Pierre Blanchard made the first successful balloon flight in the U.S.
1799 - British prime minister William Pitt the Younger introduced income tax, at two shillings (10p) in the pound, to raise funds for the Napoleonic Wars.
1848 - The first commercial bank was established in San Francisco, CA.
1861 - The state of Mississippi seceded from the United States.
1894 - The New England Telephone and Telegraph Company put the first battery-operated switchboard into operation in Lexington, MA.
1902 - New York State introduced a bill to outlaw flirting in public.
1905 - In Russia, the civil disturbances known as the Revolution of 1905 forced Czar Nicholas II to grant some civil rights.
1929 - The Seeing Eye was incorporated in Nashville, TN. The company's purpose was to train dogs to guide the blind.
1936 - The United States Army adopted the semi-automatic rifle.
1937 - The first issue of "Look" went on sale. Within a month, "Look" became a biweekly magazine.
1940 - Television was used for the first time to present a sales meeting to convention delegates in New York City.
1951 - The United Nations headquarters officially opened in New York City.
1961 - The play, "Rhinoceros," opened on Broadway.
1969 - The supersonic aeroplane Concorde made its first trial flight, at Bristol.
1972 - The ocean liner Queen Elizabeth was destroyed by fire in Hong Kong harbor.
1972 - British miners went on strike for the first time since 1926.
1981 - Hockey Hall of Famer, Phil Esposito, announced that he would retire as a hockey player after the New York Rangers-Buffalo Sabres hockey game. The game ended in a tie. (NHL)
1984 - Clara Peller was first seen by TV viewers in the "Where's the Beef?" commercial campaign for Wendy's.
1986 - Kodak got out of the instant camera business after 10 years due to a loss in a court battle that claimed that Kodak copied Polaroid patents.
1991 - U.S. secretary of state Baker and Iraqi foreign minister Aziz met for 61/2 hours in Geneva, but failed to reach any agreement that would forestall war in the Persian Gulf.
1995 - Russian cosmonaut Valeri Poliakov, 51, completed his 366th day in outer space aboard the Mir space station, breaking the record for the longest continuous time spent in outer space.
1997 - Tamil rebels attack a military base in Sri Lanka. 200 soldiers and 140 rebels were killed.
2000 - ABC-TV began airing "The Mole."
2002 - Yasmine Bleeth was sentenced to two years of probation, regular drug tests, 100 hours of community service and pay the court costs in connection to a cocaine-possession charge.
2002 - The U.S. Justice Department announced that it was pursuing a criminal investigation of Enron Corp. The company had filed for bankruptcy on December 2, 2001.
2003 - Archaeologists announced that they had found five more chambers in the tomb of Qin Shihuang, China's first emperor. The rooms were believed to cover about 750,000 square feet.
2005 - Matthew Broderick and Nathan Lane received stars on the Hollywood Walk of Fame in a dual ceremony.
Whose Birthday Is It?
Gracie Fields 1898
Vilma Banky (Lonchit) 1898
Chic (Murat Bernard) Young 1901
George Balanchine 1904
Simone de Beauvoir 1908
Richard Milhous Nixon (U.S.) 1913
Fernando Lamas 1915
Anita Louise (Fremault) 1915
Herbert Lom 1917
Judith Krantz 1928
Domenico Modugno 1928
Bart Starr (NFL) 1934
Bob Denver 1935
Dick Enberg 1935
Big Al Downing 1940
Joan Baez 1941
Susannah York 1941
Roy Head 1943
Jimmy Page 1944 - Musician (Led Zeppelin)
Scott (Noel) Engel (The Walker Brothers) 1944
Bill Cowsill 1948 - Musician (Cowsills)
Rio Reiser 1950
David Johansen 1950 - Musician (Buster Poindexter)
Crystal Gayle 1951
Eric Erlandson 1963 - Musician (Hole)
Joely Richardson 1965
David John "Dave" Matthews 1967
Carl Bell 1967 - Musician (Fuel)
Steve Harwell 1967 - Musician (Smash Mouth)
A.J. McLean 1978
Melodee Aaron, Erotica Romance Author
Melodee's Books at BookStrand