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Monday, July 25, 2011

Kicking The Can



I didn't listen to President Obama's speech about the debt ceiling tonight. It's just not that important to me because we all know something will happen to raise the limit and avoid default.

I just finished reading the transcript of the speech, and I would suggest that you do the same, even if you listened to the speech live.

The real issue is the deficit.

First of all, the President is right...the huge deficit is the fault of both parties, and both have a responsibility to fix the problem. But I want you to look at something Mr. Obama said...

...the deficit was on track to top $1 trillion the year I took office...

The projected deficit for 2011 is $1.6 trillion.

In other words, the deficit has increased by 60% since Obama took office.

Next, Mr. Obama and Senator Reid keep talking about a “Balanced Approach” with “Shared Sacrifice”. I'm all for both.

bal·ance [bal-uhns] -anced, -anc·ing. -- a state of equilibrium or equipoise; equal distribution of weight, amount, etc.

Mr. Obama and Senator Reid also tout that ...98 percent of Americans who make under $250,000 would see no tax increases at all.... Sorry, but “Balanced” is, by definition, across the board, all or nothing.

If, for example, we disallow the mortgage interest deduction for one group of tax payers, then we do it for all. If we raise taxes by 5% for one group, we do it for all.

Let's make the tax code totally equal. Everyone pays a flat 15% of their income. No deductions, no nothing. Every dollar that every person, company, corporation, etc. makes is subject to a flat 15% tax.

Your tax form becomes a post card and the IRS has no reason to exist.

That's fair.

And we all know why Mr. Obama wants a long-term deal...

Elections are coming.

Won't that be fun?

Keep Loving!

Melodee Aaron, Erotica Romance Author
Home Page
Melodee's Books at BookStrand


Monday, July 18, 2011

Don't Ask, Don't Tell...About Kindle, That Is



I've been considering doing a few books and stories and using self-publishing via the Amazon Kindle. Mostly, the stories would be under some of my pen names, but I might do some under my real name in the erotica romance genre, or maybe even into the straight erotica genre.

I was a little concerned by some of the wording in the Kindle/Amazon terms of service about “inappropriate content”, so I had a person on my team contact Amazon for clarification.

After all, I don't want to jump through the hoops of getting the book into the proper format, having cover art done, edits, and all the rest only to find out that the book can't be sold via Kindle.

I should add that most of my erotica romance stories are now available on Kindle from Amazon. That leads me to believe that all is well with the genre, but it never hurts to ask.

Or does it?

This is a quote from the letter sent to Amazon...

I am considering using Kindle and Amazon to publish my works from my pen names and my real name, but your FAQs and TOS are very fuzzy on what is meant by "inappropriate content".

I am hoping you can clarify this for me.

Specifically, I am considering Kindle for my works in the genre of "Erotic Romance". Works in this genre are, as you know, sexually explicit and use adult language. Many of my works in this genre under my real name of Melodee Aaron are available on Amazon in the Kindle format.

This leads me to believe that the erotic romance genre is indeed in compliance with the TOS and are not considered "inappropriate content" for the program, but as I said, the TOS and FAQs are very fuzzy.

Before I spend a lot of time and effort to self-publish works on Kindle, I want to make sure that it will not be wasted.


Clear enough, I think.

Now here is the reply we received from Amazon...


Our content guidelines are published on the Kindle Direct Publishing website.

To learn more, please see: Content Guidelines.

[link added]

Content that is violation of these guidelines will not be offered for sale.

As stated in our content guidelines, we reserve the right to determine what content we consider to be appropriate. This content includes both the cover art image and the content within the book.

We’re unable to elaborate further on specific details regarding our content guidelines.


If you follow the link above, you find the most interesting of the few lines to state:

What we deem offensive is probably about what you would expect. Amazon Digital Services, Inc. reserves the right to determine the appropriateness of Titles sold on our site.

Further, near the top, the guidelines state:

If Amazon Digital Services, Inc. determines the content of a Title is prohibited, we may summarily remove or alter it without returning any fees.

[emphasis mine]


Anyone see a problem here?

To summarize for you, what all of this means is:

We will take and keep your money if we decide that your content is inappropriate, but we won't tell you what is or is not appropriate before we take your money.

That hardly seems right to me.

At first, I was upset. I called my lawyer and wanted someone's head on a platter. But he's used to me, and calmed me down. BTW, he said I wasn't upset. I believe the legal term he used was “Fucking Pissed Off”. Anyway, he told me he would look into things.

This evening, I had an E-Mail from the legal department, and they told me, “...publish anything you like. That policy will not hold up in court and Amazon will look like morons by the time we get done with them in front of a judge...”

In other words, you can't enforce a policy that no one knows about and you refuse to disclose. So long as it's legal, Amazon is shit out of luck.

As to if I will put some works on Kindle or not, who can say? I did a fast count, and of the 237 books I have available in electronic formats now, only two of them are not available on Kindle at this time. Doesn't really seem worth the work.

Maybe.

Keep Loving!

Melodee Aaron, Erotica Romance Author
Home Page
Melodee's Books at BookStrand


Sunday, July 17, 2011

Kids Say The Darnedest Things!



We did a little shopping trip yesterday that was originally intended for my oldest daughter (Amanda @AmandaJDouglas ) and I, but ended up being the entire family. That was OK, though, because we had a nice family lunch and the guys (hubby Jack and son JJ) pretty much just sat on the benches around the plaza and watched the girls while me, Amanda, and Debbie stimulated the economy.

JJ just turned 3 a month or so back. He's been signing since he was about 9 months, and talking since about 14 months. He's good at both. I'm not sure if JJ really went through “The Terrible Twos”, though. He never really became argumentative or stubborn. He did ask a lot of questions.

But as we were getting ready to head for home, Jack was going to put JJ in his car seat. JJ crossed his arms and said, “No.”

Jack just chuckled and explained to JJ that the car seat is much safer for him and that it is the law in any event. JJ shook his head and said, “No. I don't want to ride in that.”

I want you to have the picture firmly in your mind...JJ is a normal 3-year-old boy. Light hair and blue eyes, almost a toe-head, and of normal stature. His father is 6' 10” and about 300 pounds of muscle. Jack had not bent over to talk to JJ.

Jack laughed again and told JJ, “Then I'll just put you in the car seat.”

JJ looked around at his sisters and at me. He also looked at the security person escorting us. He looked up at his dad, spread his little feet to about shoulder width, put his fists on his hips and said, “You're going to need more help, daddy.”

He was wrong.

Keep Loving!

Melodee Aaron, Erotica Romance Author
Home Page
Melodee's Books at BookStrand


Monday, July 4, 2011

The Modern Slave Trade



The Modern Slave Trade

OK, let's talk about an aspect of illegal immigration that no one seems willing to address.

It seems to me that of all days to talk about this, July 4th is a good choice. Today we celebrate the Declaration of Independence, that amazing document that states, in part, that “all men are created equal...”

I guess it's just not politically correct.

Yeah, like that's gonna stop me!

The most common statement heard in support of granting amnesty to the felons illegally in the United States or for simply ignoring the problem is that the illegals “...are doing jobs that no one else will do...” The single most common job so cited is that of harvesting various crops like lettuce.

Similarly, in the struggle to eliminate slavery in the early history of our country, a common logic given to support continued slavery was that slaves were needed to harvest various crops, especially cotton, because no one else would do that work.

Let's look at the history of slavery and how things changed after 1865...

The cotton-picker was initially invented way back in 1850, but little was done with the idea. The inventors, Taylure and Paige, created the machine to replace manual labor. There is a good argument that they were simply trying to increase efficiency and thereby profits, but when you consider the time frame, it is also very possible that they foresaw the coming abolition of slavery. Be that as it may, the idea more or less languished until 1889 when the first truly practical machine was developed by the Price Campbell Cotton Picker Corporation. In 1905 and 1924, more improvements were made that led to the modern machines. Even in the early days, a cotton-picker could replace 40 or more field laborers. Modern machines capable of picking up to 8 rows of cotton at a time and can replace as many as 400 workers.

The fact is that the southern slave holders were right...no one wanted to pick cotton. Picking cotton is hard work, back-breaking labor in the hot sun from dawn to dusk. Even paid workers don't want to do it for even twice minimum wage.

But the cotton needed harvesting.

When the slaves were no longer an option, cotton plantations turned to the machines.

So, what does all of that have to do with illegal immigrants? Everything!

I'm going to pick on lettuce. No pun intended...

“We need the undocumented immigrants to pick lettuce and do other jobs that no one else will do!” That's the old, tired rhetoric from the supporters of amnesty.

But it just ain't so!

Why don't we have a machine that can pick lettuce at higher efficiencies than doing it by hand? It has nothing to do with lettuce being delicate or hard to pick or anything of the kind. The reason is very simple...

We don't need a lettuce-picker because we have modern slaves to do the work.

Yes, I just called the illegals slaves. And that is exactly what they are. At least that's how the left is treating them.

Illegals are exactly that: Illegal. They can't complain about working conditions or pay. They can't sue. They can't strike. They can't even go to the boss and ask for a raise. Just like the slaves couldn't demand redress from their owners.

With amnesty, we are trying to deal with the problem by making the workers legal. Guess what that will do. All of a sudden, the workers will get at least minimum wage, health insurance, vacations, and all the other benefits. That will drive costs up and profits down. Someone, someplace, will say, “Hey! We need a lettuce-picking machine to replace all of these workers!” And one will be invented. Then, all of the these workers will be out of a job and on various forms of welfare. Like we need more people unemployed! Our economy is already in the tank. Adding another 15-million people to welfare and unemployment will leave us in far worse shape than even Greece.

By simply ignoring the problem, we are perpetuating the modern slave trade. We are slowly killing these people who only want a better life in America. We are, by allowing them to remain here and suffer under the yoke of being a poorly paid slave, doing them a disastrous disservice.

We owe it to those here illegally to break the bondage that holds them. All slaves should—and must—be freed.

The excuse of needing the slaves to do certain jobs is simple nonsense. When slavery in the south was abolished, the country adapted, thanks to good old-fashioned American ingenuity.

We must follow the high ground taken by those in our history who fought to free the blacks, and we must free the illegal immigrants of today.

We will adapt again and eliminate the need for a modern slave trade.

Keep Loving!

Melodee Aaron, Erotica Romance Author
Home Page
Melodee's Books at BookStrand


Commentary on The Declaration of Independence



I'd like to call your attention to a few lines of the Declaration of Independence, and to offer my commentary on them. Please feel free to post your comments as well.

The unanimous Declaration of the thirteen united States of America

The key word here is “unanimous”. The founders were serious about this, because they understood the severity of the action fully. Remember that, at the time, Great Britain was the most powerful military force on the planet, and the odds would be very much against the new nation in an armed struggle. It was important that the thirteen states be truly united to show their determination.

And it is in this need for unanimous action that many compromises, some good and some bad, came into being. One of the baddest of the bunch was slavery.

The majority of the founders, even those holding slaves, believed that slavery was wrong. Several colonies, however, disagreed with that position. In order to present a unified front, it was agreed to by the majority that no language related to slavery would be placed in the Declaration in order to keep the decision unanimous.

Was this the right thing to do? Maybe not, maybe so. Second-guessing history is a game you can't win. Could only eleven of the thirteen colonies have managed to break away from England? I don't know, and no one else does, either. Since the majority caved to the minority, it is clear that the founders believed that anything less than a unanimous position would fail. I think we must bow to their choices at the time. They were there. We weren't.

One thing is clear, however...if you read the writings of Jefferson, Franklin, and others, they knew that slavery would be one of the largest obstacles to face the United States in the future. Franklin even predicted a “...struggle, perhaps armed, in less than 100 years...” over slavery.


We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.--That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed, --That whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new Government, laying its foundation on such principles and organizing its powers in such form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their Safety and Happiness.

It is these few sentences that define the United States. We can talk about the Constitution and the laws, but in these few words, the founders spelled it all out very clearly.

To me, the most powerful five words ever written are all men are created equal.

Some people say that these words are meaningless, and what the founders meant was that “all white male property owners” are equal. As for me, I believe the founders said just exactly what they meant to say. After all, why would they be so precise in the wording of the rest of the document and so fuzzy here? It doesn't make sense.

It is true that society at the time defined the people holding the political and economic power as the white male property owners, but I think the founders knew that would change as the United States matured. Less than 100 years after this document was written, the slaves would be free. Less than 150 years later, women would get the right to vote. Segregation would vanish in less than 200 years. These changes happened not because of the Constitution or the rule of law. They happened because we, the people, took those five words to heart.

We saw that the founders really did mean “All Men” when they laid out the principles that define us as a nation.

All humanity.

Have we reached the lofty goal that the founders challenged us to achieve? No, not yet. We move forward every day, sometimes slipping backwards now and then.

There are those who will argue that the gauntlet thrown down by the founders is one that we can never pick up, that we can never reach that perfection envisioned 235 years ago. Why do some people have such a defeatist attitude?

We can only try, we can only give our best, we can only give 110% effort, and we will move ahead, coming closer and closer to that dream. When we fail, and we take a step backwards, as we did when we imprisoned Japanese-Americans in WWII, we must face those facts and correct our course. When we wrong our fellow Americans, as we did for many long years to the Native Americans, we must examine what we did wrong, correct our misguided efforts, and continue to move ahead in the right direction.

This is not easy work, nor will all Americans agree with the correct path of action. It is there that lies the true political greatness of the passage I quoted above.

The founders stated above that ...it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new Government, laying its foundation on such principles and organizing its powers in such form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their Safety and Happiness. These words established the concept of the Constitution, defining it as the means by which the people, the governed, grant power to the government. It is we, the people, who hold the power. The founders made the United States a self-governed nation. We can, and should, demand accountability and redress from the government. We must be vigilant and watchful of those we select to steward the operation of government.

When we blindly turn over the task of government to others and merely accept their demands and direction, we do a disservice not only to the Declaration of Independence and it's authors, but to ourselves and to our progeny.

The few lines above charge us, the people of the United States, with the task of taking care of ourselves. It is a huge job, but one that I welcome fully.

I would have each of you ask yourself the question, “Am I taking care of myself by being self-governing?”


...we mutually pledge to each other our Lives, our Fortunes and our sacred Honor.

It is with these words that the Declaration of Independence ends.

Perhaps the framers of these words were referring only to the fifty-six men whose signatures follow this line, but my impression is that the words refer to all people of the United States.

In context of today's world, we can see this ideal represented in a few places. Police, firefighters, emergency services workers, medical personnel, and a few others live by this line. These people pledge their life each and every day to the welfare of their fellow Americans.

The largest group who follow this creed are, of course, members of the military. Even in times of peace, or far from the battle fields where our soldiers fight, military personnel face extreme danger at every turn. Not even police and firefighters face the things that the military deal with. Have you ever worked on a thermo-nuclear warhead or a bunker-busting bomb? These people do not do this work for the pay. They do it because they believe in the dream defined in the Declaration of Independence.

But each of us owes to everyone else our honor, our fortunes, and our very lives. As Evelyn Beatrice Hall said, "I disapprove of what you say, but I will defend to the death your right to say it", we must all be willing to defend our fellow Americans. If we agree or disagree is moot.

Our very freedom is at stake.

Lastly, as far as the Declaration of Independence goes, I want you to reflect on the men who signed the document. Remember the global power-politics of the time, and you will see that these fifty-six were, in effect, signing their own death warrants. Their lives had about the same value as a pile of chicken shit.

Again, ask yourself a question...”Would I have the guts to sign such a document in the same situation?”

I would like to think that I would, but I honestly don't know. I would hope that I would be willing to stand up and really pledge my life to my fellow Americans. But that's hard to do when we are talking about the reality and not some abstract ideology.

It is always easier to do the wrong thing. You are part of the herd following the wrong leaders and the wrong causes. You don't have to fight for what is right. The safety in numbers offered by the herd makes us feel secure.

Doing the right thing is hard. You have to break away from the safety of the herd, stand out alone in the middle of the plain, daring the predators to pick you off. You're subject to attack, to pain, and to death itself.

As a nation, we have done the hard things. We have stood up for the oppressed. We have battled the tyrants and those who would rule the world in their own image. We have made huge strides to follow that guiding light found in the words ...all men are created equal..., but there is still much hard work to do.

As a nation, we have also taken the easy way out far too often. We ourselves oppressed people because of their beliefs or the color of their skin. We have waged war unjustly for dubious causes. We have forgotten the words That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed. We have blindly followed those who would divert us from the path we have followed for nearly a quarter of a millennia.

It seems that in many cases it is no longer politically correct to believe in the principles defined by the founders in the Declaration of Independence, but I believe that is the right thing to do. It is hard, and being cut off from the herd, I fully understand the risks I am taking by pledging to you, my fellow Americans, my life, my fortune, and my honor.

God Bless America

Keep Loving!

Melodee Aaron, Erotica Romance Author
Home Page
Melodee's Books at BookStrand


The Meaning of July 4th



Many times, we forget the real meaning of July 4th.

No, it's not about getting a 3-day weekend, or bar-b-que, or drinking beer, or even about fireworks.

July the 4th is about the birth of our nation.

It's easy to forget that on July 4, 1776 our ancestors began a struggle to become free, to stand on their own as a people, united and determined to become what they could through hard work and determination, and to reap the benefits of that work, or to fail as providence might dictate.

Along the road the founders set before the new nation we have seen many bumps and many detours. I could list a few of those things, but most of you know them. Some were small, mere distractions to the real goals. Others were large, threatening to divert us from the course of freedom and self-reliance. Even today, we still encounter challenges to our ambitions.

The simple fact is that we always find a way to move forward and grow as a people, as a nation.

Some of you may never have actually read the document that started it all, our Declaration of Independence. I would ask each of you, no matter if you have read it or not, to take a few minutes and read the wonderful words penned by Thomas Jefferson and the others.


The Declaration of Independence [A Transcription]

IN CONGRESS, July 4, 1776.

The unanimous Declaration of the thirteen united States of America,

When in the Course of human events, it becomes necessary for one people to dissolve the political bands which have connected them with another, and to assume among the powers of the earth, the separate and equal station to which the Laws of Nature and of Nature's God entitle them, a decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that they should declare the causes which impel them to the separation.

We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.--That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed, --That whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new Government, laying its foundation on such principles and organizing its powers in such form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their Safety and Happiness. Prudence, indeed, will dictate that Governments long established should not be changed for light and transient causes; and accordingly all experience hath shewn, that mankind are more disposed to suffer, while evils are sufferable, than to right themselves by abolishing the forms to which they are accustomed. But when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariably the same Object evinces a design to reduce them under absolute Despotism, it is their right, it is their duty, to throw off such Government, and to provide new Guards for their future security.--Such has been the patient sufferance of these Colonies; and such is now the necessity which constrains them to alter their former Systems of Government. The history of the present King of Great Britain is a history of repeated injuries and usurpations, all having in direct object the establishment of an absolute Tyranny over these States. To prove this, let Facts be submitted to a candid world.

He has refused his Assent to Laws, the most wholesome and necessary for the public good.

He has forbidden his Governors to pass Laws of immediate and pressing importance, unless suspended in their operation till his Assent should be obtained; and when so suspended, he has utterly neglected to attend to them.

He has refused to pass other Laws for the accommodation of large districts of people, unless those people would relinquish the right of Representation in the Legislature, a right inestimable to them and formidable to tyrants only.

He has called together legislative bodies at places unusual, uncomfortable, and distant from the depository of their public Records, for the sole purpose of fatiguing them into compliance with his measures.

He has dissolved Representative Houses repeatedly, for opposing with manly firmness his invasions on the rights of the people.

He has refused for a long time, after such dissolutions, to cause others to be elected; whereby the Legislative powers, incapable of Annihilation, have returned to the People at large for their exercise; the State remaining in the mean time exposed to all the dangers of invasion from without, and convulsions within.

He has endeavoured to prevent the population of these States; for that purpose obstructing the Laws for Naturalization of Foreigners; refusing to pass others to encourage their migrations hither, and raising the conditions of new Appropriations of Lands.

He has obstructed the Administration of Justice, by refusing his Assent to Laws for establishing Judiciary powers.

He has made Judges dependent on his Will alone, for the tenure of their offices, and the amount and payment of their salaries.

He has erected a multitude of New Offices, and sent hither swarms of Officers to harrass our people, and eat out their substance.

He has kept among us, in times of peace, Standing Armies without the Consent of our legislatures.

He has affected to render the Military independent of and superior to the Civil power.

He has combined with others to subject us to a jurisdiction foreign to our constitution, and unacknowledged by our laws; giving his Assent to their Acts of pretended Legislation:
For Quartering large bodies of armed troops among us:
For protecting them, by a mock Trial, from punishment for any Murders which they should commit on the Inhabitants of these States:
For cutting off our Trade with all parts of the world:
For imposing Taxes on us without our Consent:
For depriving us in many cases, of the benefits of Trial by Jury:
For transporting us beyond Seas to be tried for pretended offences
For abolishing the free System of English Laws in a neighbouring Province, establishing therein an Arbitrary government, and enlarging its Boundaries so as to render it at once an example and fit instrument for introducing the same absolute rule into these Colonies:
For taking away our Charters, abolishing our most valuable Laws, and altering fundamentally the Forms of our Governments:
For suspending our own Legislatures, and declaring themselves invested with power to legislate for us in all cases whatsoever.

He has abdicated Government here, by declaring us out of his Protection and waging War against us.

He has plundered our seas, ravaged our Coasts, burnt our towns, and destroyed the lives of our people.

He is at this time transporting large Armies of foreign Mercenaries to compleat the works of death, desolation and tyranny, already begun with circumstances of Cruelty & perfidy scarcely paralleled in the most barbarous ages, and totally unworthy the Head of a civilized nation.

He has constrained our fellow Citizens taken Captive on the high Seas to bear Arms against their Country, to become the executioners of their friends and Brethren, or to fall themselves by their Hands.

He has excited domestic insurrections amongst us, and has endeavoured to bring on the inhabitants of our frontiers, the merciless Indian Savages, whose known rule of warfare, is an undistinguished destruction of all ages, sexes and conditions.

In every stage of these Oppressions We have Petitioned for Redress in the most humble terms: Our repeated Petitions have been answered only by repeated injury. A Prince whose character is thus marked by every act which may define a Tyrant, is unfit to be the ruler of a free people.

Nor have We been wanting in attentions to our Brittish brethren. We have warned them from time to time of attempts by their legislature to extend an unwarrantable jurisdiction over us. We have reminded them of the circumstances of our emigration and settlement here. We have appealed to their native justice and magnanimity, and we have conjured them by the ties of our common kindred to disavow these usurpations, which, would inevitably interrupt our connections and correspondence. They too have been deaf to the voice of justice and of consanguinity. We must, therefore, acquiesce in the necessity, which denounces our Separation, and hold them, as we hold the rest of mankind, Enemies in War, in Peace Friends.

We, therefore, the Representatives of the united States of America, in General Congress, Assembled, appealing to the Supreme Judge of the world for the rectitude of our intentions, do, in the Name, and by Authority of the good People of these Colonies, solemnly publish and declare, That these United Colonies are, and of Right ought to be Free and Independent States; that they are Absolved from all Allegiance to the British Crown, and that all political connection between them and the State of Great Britain, is and ought to be totally dissolved; and that as Free and Independent States, they have full Power to levy War, conclude Peace, contract Alliances, establish Commerce, and to do all other Acts and Things which Independent States may of right do. And for the support of this Declaration, with a firm reliance on the protection of divine Providence, we mutually pledge to each other our Lives, our Fortunes and our sacred Honor.

[The 56 signatures on the Declaration appear in the positions indicated:
]


Column 1
Georgia:
Button Gwinnett
Lyman Hall
George Walton

Column 2
North Carolina:
William Hooper
Joseph Hewes
John Penn
South Carolina:
Edward Rutledge
Thomas Heyward, Jr.
Thomas Lynch, Jr.
Arthur Middleton

Column 3
Massachusetts:
John Hancock
Maryland:
Samuel Chase
William Paca
Thomas Stone
Charles Carroll of Carrollton
Virginia:
George Wythe
Richard Henry Lee
Thomas Jefferson
Benjamin Harrison
Thomas Nelson, Jr.
Francis Lightfoot Lee
Carter Braxton

Column 4
Pennsylvania:
Robert Morris
Benjamin Rush
Benjamin Franklin
John Morton
George Clymer
James Smith
George Taylor
James Wilson
George Ross
Delaware:
Caesar Rodney
George Read
Thomas McKean

Column 5
New York:
William Floyd
Philip Livingston
Francis Lewis
Lewis Morris
New Jersey:
Richard Stockton
John Witherspoon
Francis Hopkinson
John Hart
Abraham Clark

Column 6
New Hampshire:
Josiah Bartlett
William Whipple
Massachusetts:
Samuel Adams
John Adams
Robert Treat Paine
Elbridge Gerry
Rhode Island:
Stephen Hopkins
William Ellery
Connecticut:
Roger Sherman
Samuel Huntington
William Williams
Oliver Wolcott
New Hampshire:
Matthew Thornton




Please watch my blog for some commentary on this amazing document.

Happy Birthday, America.

Keep Loving!

Melodee Aaron, Erotica Romance Author
Home Page
Melodee's Books at BookStrand